ADR 001: Payment mechanism for issuing credentials

Status

Category
Status
Authors
Ankur Banerjee
ADR Stage
PROPOSED
Implementation Status
Not Implemented
Start Date
2021-09-01

Summary

The Hyperledger Aries protocol describes a payment mechanism that can used to pay for the issuance of credentials.
It is necessary to establish which public APIs from Hyperledger Aries can be implemented in cheqd-node to provide an implementation of payments using CHEQ tokens using a well-understood SSI protocol.

Decision

Hyperledger Aries protocol has the concept of payment "decorators" ~payment_request and ~payment_receipt in requests, that can be used to pay using tokens for credential issuance.

Step 1: Credential Offer

A message is sent by the Issuer to the potential Holder, describing the credential they intend to offer and optionally, the price the issuer would be expected to be paid for said credential. This is based on the Hyperledger Aries credential offer RFC.
"@type": "https://didcomm.org/issue-credential/1.0/offer-credential",
"@id": "<uuid-of-offer-message>",
"comment": "some comment",
"credential_preview": <json-ld object>,
"offers~attach": [
{
"@id": "libindy-cred-offer-0",
"mime-type": "application/json",
"data": {
"base64": "<bytes for base64>"
}
}
]
"~payment_request": { ... }
}
A payment request can then be defined using the Hyperledger Aries Payment Decorator to add information about an issuing price and address where payment should be sent.
"~payment_request": {
"methodData": [
{
"supportedMethods": "cheqd",
"data": {
"payeeId": "cheqd1fknpjldck6n3v2wu86arpz8xjnfc60f99ylcjd"
},
}
],
"details": {
"id": "0a2bc4a6-1f45-4ff0-a046-703c71ab845d",
"displayItems": [
{
"label": "commercial driver's license",
"amount": { "currency": "ncheq", "value": "1000" },
}
],
"total": {
"label": "Total due",
"amount": { "currency": "ncheq", "value": "1000" }
}
}
}
  • details.id field contains an invoice number that unambiguously identifies a credential for which payment is requested. When paying, this value should be placed in memo field for the cheqd payment transaction.
  • payeeId field contains a cheqd account address in the correct format for cheqd network.

Step 2: Payment transaction flow

The payment flow can be broken down into five steps:
  1. 1.
    Build a request for transferring tokens. Example: cheqd_ledger::bank::build_msg_send(from_account, to_account, amount_for_transfer, denom)
    • from_account: The prospective credential holder's cheqd account address
    • to_account: Same as payeeId from the Payment Request
    • amount_for_transfer: Price of credential issuance defined as details.total.amount.value from the Payment Request
    • denom: Defined in details.total.amount.currency from the Payment Request
  2. 2.
    Build a transaction with the request from the previous step Example: cheqd_ledger::auth::build_tx(pool_alias, pub_key, builded_request, account_number, account_sequence, max_gas, max_coin_amount, denom, timeout_height, memo)
    • memo: This should be the same as details.id from the Payment Request
  3. 3.
    Sign the transaction Example:cheqd_keys::sign(wallet_handle, key_alias, tx).
  4. 4.
    Broadcast the signed transaction Example: cheqd_pool::broadcast_tx_commit(pool_alias, signed).

Response format

Response {
check_tx: TxResult {
code: 0,
data: None,
log: "",
info: "",
gas_wanted: 0,
gas_used: 0,
events: [
],
codespace: ""
},
deliver_tx: TxResult {
code: 0,
data: Some(Data([...])),
log: "[{\"events\":[{\"type\":\"message\",\"attributes\":[{\"key\":\"action\",\"value\":\"send\"},{\"key\":\"sender\",\"value\":\"cheqd1fknpjldck6n3v2wu86arpz8xjnfc60f99ylcjd\"},{\"key\":\"module\",\"value\":\"bank\"}]},{\"type\":\"transfer\",\"attributes\":[{\"key\":\"recipient\",\"value\":\"cheqd1pvnjjy3vz0ga6hexv32gdxydzxth7f86mekcpg\"},{\"key\":\"sender\",\"value\":\"cheqd1fknpjldck6n3v2wu86arpz8xjnfc60f99ylcjd\"},{\"key\":\"amount\",\"value\":\"1000ncheq\"}]}]}]",
info: "",
gas_wanted: 0,
gas_used: 0,
events: [...],
codespace: ""
},
hash: "1B3B00849B4D50E8FCCF50193E35FD6CA5FD4686ED6AD8F847AC8C5E466CFD3E",
height: 353
}
Key fields in the response above are:
  • hash: Transaction hash
  • height: Ledger height

Step 3: Credential Request

This is a message sent by the potential Holder to the Issuer, to request the issuance of a credential after tokens are transferred to the nominated account using a Payment Transaction.
{
"@type": "https://didcomm.org/issue_credential/1.0/request_credential",
"@id": "94af9be9-5248-4a65-ad14-3e7a6c3489b6",
"~thread": { "this": "5bc1989d-f5c1-4eb1-89dd-21fd47093d96" },
"cred_def_id": "KTwaKJkvyjKKf55uc6U8ZB:3:CL:59:tag1",
"~payment_receipt": {
"request_id": "0a2bc4a6-1f45-4ff0-a046-703c71ab845d",
"selected_method": "cheqd",
"transaction_id": "1B3B00849B4D50E8FCCF50193E35FD6CA5FD4686ED6AD8F847AC8C5E466CFD3E",
"payeeId": "0xD15239C7e7dDd46575DaD9134a1bae81068AB2A4",
"amount": { "currency": "ncheq", "value": "1000.0" }
}
}
request_id should be the same as details.id from Payment Request and memo from Payment Transaction.

Step 4: Check payment_receipt

Issuer receives Credential Request + payment_receipt with payment transaction_id. It allows the Issuer to:
  • Get the payment transaction by hash from cheqd network ledger using get_tx_by_hash(hash) method, where hash is transaction_id from previous steps.
  • Check that memo field from received transaction contains the correct request_id.

Step 5: Credential issuing

If steps 1-4 are successful, the Issuer is able to confirm that the requested payment has been made using CHEQ tokens. The credential issuing process can then proceed using standard Hyperledger Aries protocol procedures.

Overview of steps 1-5

REPLACE WITH PNG

UML version

Editable version available on swimlanes.io or as text for compatible UML diagram generators below:
Issuer -> Holder: Credential Offer (+ payment_request)
Holder -> Ledger: payment transaction (with payment_request id in memo)
Ledger -> Holder: payment transaction response (with transaction_hash)
Holder -> Issuer: Credential Request (+ payment_receipt)
Issuer -> Ledger: Get payment transaction by hash
Ledger -> Issuer: Payment transaction
Issuer -> Issuer: Check `memo` field from received transaction
Issuer -> Holder: Credential
Holder -> Issuer: Accept

Consequences

Backward Compatibility

  • Credential issuance outside of the payment flow is compatible with and carried out using existing Hyperledger Aries protocol procedures. This should provide a level of compatibility with existing apps/SDKs that implement Aries protocol.
  • Defining the transaction in CHEQ tokens is specific to the cheqd network.

Positive

  • By defining the payment mechanism using Hyperledger Aries protocols, this allows the possibility in the future to support payments on multiple networks.
  • Existing SSI app developers should already be familiar with Hyperledger Aries (if building on Hyperledger Indy) and provides a transition path to add new functionality.

Negative

  • Hyperledger Aries may not be a familiar protocol for other Cosmos projects.
  • Using the Payment Decorator in practice means there could be interoperability challenges at in implementations that impact credential issuance and exchange.

Neutral

  • N/A

References

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Outline
Status
Summary
Decision
Step 1: Credential Offer
Step 2: Payment transaction flow
Step 3: Credential Request
Step 4: Check payment_receipt
Step 5: Credential issuing
Overview of steps 1-5
Consequences
Backward Compatibility
Positive
Negative
Neutral
References